American Adoption Congress familes rooted in truth

International Adoption

Thank you for visiting the international page on the American Adoption Congress’ Website.

President Obama signed the Universal Accreditation Act into law yesterday. In 18 months, all intercountry adoption service providers must comply with Hague regulations, whether or not they are working with Hague countries. The UAA will take effect on 7/14/2014.


To submit Web links for this page, please email the URL to:
Please refer to the AAC’s Web Policy before submitting any links for consideration.

Web links are arranged alphabetically, by continent and country, on this page.
Please click on a continent name below, to view the list of country names beneath it.
At the end of the country-specific Websites, there is a list of general email discussion groups.


Please return often, to take full advantage of all the resources available through these Web links. Thank you for taking the time to visit the American Adoption Congress’ Website and international page.




Adopted and Fostered Adults of the African Diaspora
Mission statement: “AFAAD is a nonprofit organization connecting, supporting, and advocating for the needs of the African Diasporic adoption and foster community on a global level, through community outreach, political work, research/scholarship and social gatherings.”
Homepage for Adoption Africa, a search site for adoptees, birth parents and adoptive parents.
Statement of purpose: “Life is like a jigsaw puzzle, and for hundreds of thousands of people, there are pieces of the puzzle missing from their life's picture. This page is intended to be a starting point for all those adoptees, particularly Southern Africans (South Africa, Zimbabwe, Zambia, and Malawi) who need to know more about their origins, and for the birth parents
who want to know about their child.”


Asian Adult Adoptees of Washington state (USA)

Stated purpose:  Asian Adult Adoptees of Washington is a resource that provides mentoring, fellowship and educational opportunities for Asian/Pacific adoptees and the community. Based in Seattle, AAAW is a Federal 501 (c)3 status non-profit organization comprised of an all volunteer Board of Directors.

Statement:  “This group offers a forum for adult adoptees from South Asia, ie. India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and Nepal, to talk to each other, to network, and to discuss freely their feelings and experiences in being adopted internationally. Currently we define 'adult' as 18 years old and up.”

From Website: “ A.F.F is an all volunteer, non-profit  organization, dedicated to the reunification of Amerasian children from the Philippines, Vietnam, Thailand, Japan and Korea,  with their biological American father, mother, or other extended family member(s) in the USA.”

For Asian-born adoptees in Minnesota, USA

Stated purpose:  “A non-profit organization committed to supporting the integration of culture, identity, and life experience for adopted individuals, their families, and the greater community.”



Established in 2006, to connect ethnic Chinese adoptees worldwide
This site is maintained by a group of adoptive parents of Chinese-born children. These adoptive parents support orphanages in China for children who are not living with any families.
Statement from website:
"For the children who will never be adopted, Half the Sky programs are the closest thing they will ever receive to the love and support of a birth family. Orphanage caregivers are too often over-worked and under-trained. Too often, there is no one else to provide the children with the developmental opportunities (and love!) that every child needs and deserves. Thousands of children are now enrolled in Half the Sky’s four programs that provide love and hope for children living in China’s orphanages."



Article entitled: “The Paradox of Inter Country Adoption”

Moderated email discussion group restricted to adult adoptees from India

Statement from Website:  “Desi Adoptees United (DAU) is an Indian adult adoptee group for those who live in the United States and were adopted from India.”

For triad members of adoptees born in India




Article entitled: “Adoption should always be the last resort, says UNICEF rep”



Forums and news articles of interest to adoptees from the Philippines

Moderated email discussion group for adult adoptees from the Philippines


South Korea

Korean American Adoptee Adoptive Family Network

Mission statement:  “KAAN's mission is to support networking and build understanding among Adoptees, Adoptive Families, Koreans And Korean Americans.”

From Website:  “MISSION STATEMENT: Korean @doptees Worldwide, shortened as K@W is an international organization with the purpose of educating both Korean adoptees and the general public about issues that concern Korea and adoption.”

Korean-born, adult adoptees in Minnesota, USA

Mission statement:  “The mission of AK Connection is to be a resource for adult Korean adoptees by providing information and building a supportive community.”

Global Overseas Adoptees’ Link

From Website: “G.O.A.'L was established in Seoul, Korea in March 1998 as an independent organization to assist returning adoptees.”

Newspaper column written by an adult South Korean Adoptee,

“Why does South Korea keep exporting babies?”

Korean Adoptees Worldwide News

Describes itself as, “The ultimate news and information source about Korean adoption.”

From Website:  “In 1997, the Overseas Koreans Foundation (OKF) began as an affiliated organization of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade and charged with the development of post-adoption services. OKF creates post-adoption services such as its Overseas Adoptees Motherland Tour and Korean Language Training program in order to help adoptees form identity and to strengthen the relationship between them and Korea.”

Survey of adult adoptees from Korea, conducted by the Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute

Adoptee Solidarity Korea, (ASK)

Website statement:  “Our mission is to address the problems associated with Korean overseas  adoption. Through education and activism, we aim to raise awareness, advocate change, and support alternatives to intercountry adoption.
This site was founded by an adult adoptee who came from Korea through Holt International. She, and other Korean-born adult adoptees, grew disillusioned with Holt's passive birth family registry. They established their own voluntary registry, entirely separate from Holt. This site contains photos, YouTube video clips, and written entries in both Korean and English.
Statement of purpose from website:
"Frustrated by the passive registry system at Holt which we can not check, and the poor utilization of other registries buried in some Korean websites, I wanted to create a means by which all Holt adoptees can visibly broadcast their information onto the internet. Regardless of whether you’re actively searching or not, it will be a wonderful document to see how all of us (there’s approx. 200,000 of us!) have grown from then to now…"


Sri Lanka

For triad members of children adopted from Sri Lanka



From Website:  “This volunteer cooperative which aims to act as one of the virtual 'homes' for adoptees was launched on the 25th Anniversary of Operation Babylift - April 30th, 2000.”

From Website:  “A blog by three adult Vietnamese adoptees as they move forward, reflect back and express their thoughts on just about everything in between.”

Statement on Website:  “Operation Reunite is an organization which brings about awareness of the Vietnam War and provides support and understanding to approximately 3000 Vietnamese war babies brought to the United States and other countries like France and Australia.”peration

Site for adult adoptees from the Sancta Maria Orphanage in Saigon, Vietnam

Survey of adult adoptees from Vietnam, conducted by the Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute



Inter-Country Adoptee Support Network

New South Wales, Australia

Vision statement from Website:  “The Inter-Country Adoptee Support Network (ICASN) has been set up to provide support to Adoptees who have been adopted cross-culturally.  The term Inter-Country Adoptee (ICA) generally refers to those who are raised in a country of origin different to their country of birth but will be used loosely within ICASN to include any adoptee who experiences cross-cultural aspects of adoption.”



Eastern Europe

UNICEF’s Guidance Note on intercountry adoption in the Baltics' region of Europe

Introduction:  “Intercountry adoption involves the transfer of a child from his or her country of origin (or of habitual residence) to another country where he or she will live with the adoptive parents, and implies the total and definitive rupture of his or her relationship with the biological family.”



Moderated email discussion group for adult adoptees from Germany

Homepage of German-born adoptee

From Website:  “This site is dedicated to all those who have suffered the loss of their homeland, culture, language, family and history through international adoption.”

Purpose from Website:  “A group where people born in Germany and adopted by US Military families can swap info and support each other in their search for birth parents and siblings.”



Mutual consent registry for Greek-born adoptees

Discussion board for Greek-born adoptees in search of their roots in Greece



From Website:  “ITALIADOPTION is a virtual community intended for all members of the adoption triad (adoptees, birth parents/siblings, adoptive parents/siblings) involved in the Italian American adoption experience. In the period between 1950 and 1970 there have been over 3,700 Italian born "orphans" brought to North America to be adopted by American and Canadian parents.”



Article in the Journal of Social History; Winter, 2002; by Moira J. Maguire

“Foreign Adoptions and the Evolution of Irish Adoption Policy, 1945-52”

(scroll through index to find Maguire’s article)

Article entitled: "Ireland's New Adoption Bill Says Adoption Only to Married Heterosexual Couples" By Thaddeus M. Baklinski


Website for the Russian newspaper Pravda

Article entitled:  “U.S. official apologizes for the death of Russian-born adopted children killed in the U.S.”

From Website:  “My help is free. I am not an agency, an attorney or a Russian private investigator. I am an adoptive parent who wishes to help others in their search for family members.”


United Kingdom

Transnational and Transracial Adoption Group

Statement on Website:  “Our primary purpose is to provide each other with unconditional positive regard, recognizing, respecting and valuing each individual's diverse adoption experience and the resulting lifelong impact upon them.”

Statement of purpose:  “A mailing list for anyone who has a genealogical interest in the 100,000 British Home Children - alleged orphans - who were emigrated to Canada by 50 child care organizations 1870-1948.”



From Website:  “The purpose of this group is to bring together people adopted from Central and South America.”


From Website:  “The focus of this group is for Colombian adoptees to share and discuss their experiences after their reunions. There seems to be many issues that come up after the reunion that we are all learning. For example: cultural issues, sibling issues, distance issues & emotional issues etc... Everyone (adoptive parents, birthparents, adoptees) reunited or not are welcome to join in discussion and learn with us.

Stated purpose:  “This group is designed for adult adoptees, who were adopted out of FANA. This is for adoptees from FANA who want to or who are in the process of searching. This group is a place where you can speak honestly about your good or bad experiences regarding the orphanage.”

Statement from Website:  “This group is for people associated with La Casa de la Madre y el Nino Adoption Home in Bogotá Colombia. Its purpose is to serve as a connecting point for Colombian adoptees, adoptive parents, and friends of La Casa.”


For triad members, and anyone with an interest in adoptees from Honduras




Its purpose is “geared to Adoptees and Birth Parents of Native American Descents,
and is open to all with ties to the People whether they are part of the adoption triad
or just want to help.”





Canadian Adoptees Registry -

A volunteer-run organization that provides free search resources for adoptees and birth families. Website includes a searchable database, plus links to reunion registries and forms for provincial and territorial governments.

Parent Finders of Canada
The Parent Finders of Canada National Office with many groups accross the country and contacts in the United States and Internationally, is housed in the
Parent Finders Ottawa (Ontario) office.  Started in 1975 in Vancouver BC, Parent Finders of Canada was one of the founding members of the AAC.
As part of the self-help movement of that time, the organization grew quickly, just as interest for adoptees and birthparents to reunite was growing.
It spread accross the country very rapidly and by 1982 there were chapters everywhere.  We were the primary source of adoption disclosure and reuinon
information outside the child care  agencies.

Many of our provinces have now opened up their adoption records in varying degrees, and the need for such hands-on assistance has diminished.
Armed with identifying information many people strike out on their own to "find" their missing loved one.  Nevertheless, we stress the importance
of connection with an adoption support group if one is attempting the complex journey of reunion.

Besides offering support and guidance, Parent Finders of Canada and its groups offers local information referrals to other agencies, and information
about Canadian adoption laws as they vary from province to province.  We also maintain a large adoption database.  The Ottawa branch also publishes
a newletter in which we recommend and review books and movies and report news of interest to the adoption community.  For more information see: or email or call 613-730-8305.

The Law and Economics of Adoption -

Early draft of an article that appeared in The New Palgrave Dictionary of Law and Economics, by John Palmer, from the University of Western Ontario

“The Law and Economics of Adoption”

Introduction:  “The adoption of a child by non-biological parents is the transfer of a limited property right. To understand an economics-and-law analysis of adoption, one must first examine the nature of this property right. Then the conditions of exchange can be studied and assessed.”

Canadian Council of Natural Mothers
Statement from website:
"The Canadian Council of Natural Mothers honours using the terms, mother, mothers and motherhood as natural representations of ourselves and other mothers who have lost children to adoption. These natural terms are often denied to us by others in the loss of our babies and children to adoption. We recognize that some mothers choose to use labels of differentiation such as life mother, first mother, birth mother or birthmother, and birth parents. Also, some choose to use labels of differentiation for other natural relatives, such as birth father, natural father, birth son, birth daughter, and birth siblings."

Forget Me Not Family Society
Mission and purpose, as stated on website:
"Forget Me Not Family Society is a provincially registered, non-profit society and a federally registered charity (88908-4869-RR0001). Tax receipts are issued for donations to our Society.
What We Offer
Experience shows that at various times in life, the issues and concerns of adoption need to be addressed. We provide our members with opportunities to gain further understanding of adoption issues through:
-- Conducting a monthly support group in New Westminster, BC, Canada
-- Internet "chat" support group (every 4th Wednesday of the month, from 8-9pm Pacific time.)
-- Individual peer support
-- Resource library
-- Referrals to professionals and other service groups
-- Speakers Bureau to educate groups on post-adoption issues
-- Quarterly Newsletter"

Adoption Council of Canada
Statement from website:
"The Adoption Council of Canada (ACC) is the umbrella organization for adoption in Canada. Based in Ottawa, the ACC raises public awareness of adoption, promotes placement of waiting children and stresses the importance of post-adoption services. Our services include a quarterly newsletter, a resource library, referrals, and conference planning."


United States (including transracial and mixed race people)

Extensive links to personal stories and articles by transnational and transracial adoptees

USA and worldwide

Mixed race experience in America

For siblings who reunited after being separated by adoption

For mixed race and transracial people

The Adoption History Project

University of Oregon-Eugene

From Website:  “During the 1950s, proxy adoptions were the most widely publicized means of international adoption. They allowed U.S. citizens to adopt in foreign courts by designating a proxy agent to act in their place. Thousands of children, especially from Japan, Greece, and Korea, were adopted in this way. Because these adoptees entered the United States as the legal children of parents who had never met them, proxies avoided the requirements of state laws and flouted the notion that child welfare was the dominant factor in adoption.”

Website for the U.S. State Department

Dual nationality for U.S. citizens

The Website says its purpose is to celebrate the multi-racial heritage of people of color



Statistics on the top 20 countries that send their children to the USA for adoption

The Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute

Academic paper on demographic patterns in transnational adoption

“The Movement of Children for Intercountry Adoption: A Demographic Perspective”

by Peter Selman, from the Department of Sociology and Social Policy, University of Newcastle Upon Tyne, United Kingdom

Extensive links to personal stories and articles by transnational and transracial adoptees

USA and worldwide

Adoption statutes, legislative code, and links by country

Originally compiled by Shea Grimm

Web page for The Hague Conference on International Protection of Children, Family and Property Relations

United Nations Innocenti Digest on Intercountry Adoption

Statement on Website:  “The Innocenti Digest is compiled by the UNICEF International Child Development Centre to provide reliable and easily accessed information on a critical children’s rights concern. It is designed as a working tool for executive decision-makers, programme managers and other practitioners in child-related fields.”



Statement:  “We are dedicated to listening to grown adoptees, not rebut their experiences. Due to the sensitive nature of some of the discussions membership is restricted to members of the adoption triad -- adult adoptees, birth parents, and a-parents.”

From Website:  “Focused through the Triad's "prism," we discuss its full constellation-like dynamic spectrum: birth-family issues - leaving/finding - abduction - orphanage life - foster care - adoptive-family issues - sibling/birth-family searches - and more.”

Stated purpose:  “Intercountry Adoption Research Group is an attempt to bring together academics, researchers, adoption professionals and lay people engaged in and/or interested in current research pertaining to intercountry adoption.”

Statement from Website:  “This list is created for parents who are raising internationally adopted boys. So many of the adoption lists seem dominated by parents of girls and so many of the issues are girl-specific. The purpose of this list is to explore boy-specific topics in depth.”

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